Department of Civil Engineering Laboratories

Environment/Landscape

Urban Development that Makes Use of Watery Environments to Mitigate Heat Island Phenomena

  • Microclimate observations near bodies of water

  • Simulation example of land and sea breezes in the Nagoya metropolitan area

Students in this lab make field observations of how bodies of water such as streams and retention ponds mitigate the heat island phenomena in cities (hot-temperature urban environments), and on how “wind paths” take shape alongside rivers and streams. Students use numerical simulations with the aim of designing “cool towns” that take full advantage of such waterside environments.

Theme leader: Prof. Morihiro Harada

Redesign for Comfortable, People-friendly Walking Spaces

  • A street in a historical Japanese “post-station” town offers a comfortable and walkable space

  • Pedestrian space model using 3D animation

Walking spaces must be redesigned in order to bring back a bustling atmosphere to towns and to cope with an unprecedented ageing society. In this laboratory, we clarify ways to create human-centered pathways out of vehicle-centered roadways using 3D animation, and we seek to design pleasant pedestrian spaces where people can walk comfortably and safely.

Theme leader: Prof. Yukimasa Matsumoto

Research on the Physical Conditions in Rivers

  • Field observations of gravel/sand beds in river environments

  • Experiment using a high-speed camera to measure flow velocity via PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry)

For fish to live in a river, they require a soft sand bed as well as drift sand to scour off algae for them to eat. To recreate such physical conditions, we conduct field observations and experiments. For example, we conduct research on the phenomena of drift sand during low-water periods in mountainous areas.

Theme leader: Prof. Atsuko Mizoguchi

Morphological Change of Sand Bars in Compound River Channels

  • Field observation at the Yadagawa River

  • Experiments on sand bar behavior during flooding

We research the role of sandbars in turning a river channel with artificial embankments into a more natural river channel.

Theme leader: Prof. Atsuko Mizoguchi

Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Bentonite as a Buffer Material in the Disposal of Radioactive Waste

  • Shear test of bentonite buffer material

  • Pictures taken by microscope and the results of PIV analysis

We carry out various laboratory tests to evaluate the mechanical properties of bentonite, which is planned for use as a buffer material in the geological disposal of radioactive waste. The obtained data is used for simulation analysis to predict its long-term behavior at disposal sites.

Theme leader: Prof. Takeshi Kodaka; Cui Ying

Advanced Research Center for Natural Disaster Risk Reduction (NDRR) Launched

Meijo University's "Research Project for '21st Century-Type' Natural Disaster Risk Reduction" was adopted as a Strategic Research Base Development Program for Private Universities by MEXT Japan (the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) in 2012, and NDRR was launched.
NDRR promotes advanced research in the prevention and reduction of disasters in order to reduce the risks of “21st century-type” natural disasters faced by modern society, which include floods and landslide damage caused by torrential rain and earthquakes in urban areas.

Advanced Research Center for Natural Disaster Risk Reduction website